Individual entrepreneurs: Both agents and agencies
Individual entrepreneurs are subject to the PSA both as agencies, because they offer private security services to the public, and as agents, because they carry on the services they offer.
Self-employed individuals must therefore hold both an agency licence AND an agent licence in the appropriate class.
If you are self-employed, go to the Agency section to learn more about your obligations.
Thinking about a career in private security? Do you meet all the prerequisites for obtaining the mandatory licence? Consult the list below to find out what they are.
Do you meet the age requirement?
To get a regular agent licence, you must be at least 18 years of age.
When applying for a licence, and depending on the desired licence class, you must demonstrate that you have successfully completed the mandatory training prescribed by regulation.
You may also request an analysis of the equivalence of your knowledge and skills if you have not completed the required training.
WORK-STUDY PROGRAM (SECURITY GUARDING TRAINING)
Subject to certain and strict conditions, it is possible for a person to carry on security guarding activities while he or she is undergoing security guarding training eventually leading to the issuance of a regular agent licence upon successful completion.
Indeed, it is possible to apply to the BSP for a temporary agent licence (security guarding training) in the context of a work-study program where the student is under the constant supervision of a regular security guarding agent licence holder during the periods that he or she is engaged in security guarding activities. Such licence is valid for 120 days, which is the maximum length of time allowed to successfully complete the security guarding training. It shall be granted only once by the BSP. Before the end of this licence's validity, the applicant must have successfully completed the training and he or she must have apply for the conversion of the temporary licence into a regular one on the form provided for this purpose under the form section.
At all times, a temporary licence holder (security guarding training) must satisfy the conditions set out in the Private Security Act (RLRQ, c. S-3-5) and its regulations.
If you have not completed the required training for the desired agent licence class but think you have sufficient, relevant knowledge, you may submit a request to BSP to evaluate your knowledge and skills in relation to the required training.
You must therefore provide proof of the following, which will be taken into consideration when evaluating your file:
- Diplomas obtained in relevant or related fields
- Nature and content of courses you have completed as well as the results you obtained
- Internships and other training activities you have completed
- Nature and duration of your experience in security
Caution! A résumé is not proof of your experience. You must obtain proof of employment from your employers. To do this, we recommend using the following templates:
Below is some additional information to guide you in your request for an evaluation of the equivalence of knowledge and skills.
You can obtain a confirmation letter of hours worked in security guarding from the Parity Committee for security guards by submitting a request directly online at www.cpasecurite.qc.ca/en/, by email at firstname.lastname@example.org, or by fax at 514-493-6661.
Furthermore, proof of the successful completion of a 16-hour workplace first aid course, issued by a CNESST-accredited body, is required for any request for an evaluation of the equivalence of knowledge and skills. To find out where this training is offered in your area, refer to the Liste provinciale des organismes de formation en secourisme au travail.
Cégep de Saint-Hyacinthe offers recognition of prior learning and competencies service for the Initiation aux techniques d’enquête et d’investigation program.
Commission scolaire Marguerite-Bourgeoys offers recognition of prior learning and competencies service for the locksmith vocational training program.
Commission scolaire de la Capitale offers recognition of prior learning and competencies service for the locksmith vocational training program.
Commission scolaire des Grandes-Seigneuries offers recognition of prior learning and competencies service for the locksmith vocational training program.
Transport of valuables
You can send us a valid Authorization to Carry Restricted Firearms and Certain Handguns (ATC) issued by the Chief Firearms Officer for Québec.
Caution! Do not confuse an ATC with a firearm Possession and Acquisition Licence (PAL). A PAL is not equivalent to an ATC or the training required under the regulation for an agent in the Transport of valuables class.
To get an agent licence, and throughout the term of your licence, you must:
- Have never been found guilty of a criminal offence related to the private security activity for which you are applying for a licence, unless you have obtained a pardon; and
- Be of good moral character, i.e., you conduct yourself in accordance with society’s moral and social values.
To determine whether you meet these criteria, BSP must send your personal information to Sûreté du Québec (SQ) so that it can perform a security check. SQ will then inform BSP of the results of its verification and give its opinion as to whether the criteria have been met.
Upon receipt of this information, BSP will determine whether you meet the criminal history and moral character criteria.
In order to obtain an agent licence, a person must have Canadian citizenship, permanent resident status or a work permit in Canada issued by the competent authority. It is the duty of this person to ensure that his or her work permit is in force for the time that he or she wishes to carry on private security activities and to notify the Bureau when his or her work permit is no longer valid.
In order to be able to obtain an agent licence in private security, a person must be in a physical and mental condition such as he or she is able to carry on the private activity for which the licence is applied for or issued. Only at the request of the Bureau, a person may be required to submit a medical certificate to confirm this fact.
When you sign your licence application form, you declare that you are aware of your responsibilities and obligations if you are issued a licence.
Please familiarize yourself with them now if you haven’t already done so.
Get ready! To be processed, your application must be accompanied by the following documents:
A copy of both sides of two (2) different valid pieces of identification from the lists below to meet each of the following conditions:
Condition 1 :
Piece of identification issued by the Government of Canada or a provincial or territorial government or, failing that, by a foreign government*, containing at the least your name, date of birth, photo and signature.
A copy of both sides of your valid driver licence in Canada (preferred, if you hold one)
Or, if not, choose a document from List 1 below:
* Any piece of identification must be in French or English, otherwise you must also provide us with a translation into one of these official languages made by a member of the Ordre des traducteurs, terminologues et interprètes agréés du Québec.
Condition 2 :
Document evidencing that you have Canadian citizenship, permanent resident status or a work permit issued by the competent Canadian immigration authorities.
Choose a document from List 2 below (must be different from the one chosen from List 1):
Two (2) identical colour passport-size (5 cm x 7 cm) photos taken within six (6) months prior to application. The photo must be taken facing front, against a white background, showing your full face from the shoulders up, with your head uncovered, and dated on the back with a date stamp. The back of one photo must be certified by your respondent.
Note: Hats and head coverings must not be worn unless they are worn daily for religious or medical reasons. However, your full face must be clearly visible and the head covering must not cast any shadows on your face.
Choose your respondent carefully!
Make sure your respondent meets the following criteria:
- Is a Canadian citizen or permanent resident
- Is 18 or over
- Has personally known you for at least one year
- Is available for verification by BSP
If you do not know anyone who meets all these criteria, the only person authorized to certify your photo is a commissioner of oaths, notary, or lawyer.
Make sure your respondent completes and signs the respondent’s declaration on the form and signs one of your photos.
- Documents certifying that you meet the training and/or equivalency requirements, if applicable (e.g., diplomas, transcripts, and proof of employment from current and previous employers describing the main duties performed, the number of years of continuous service, and the number of hours worked annually).
- For Security Guarding applications: A legible copy of your valid workplace first aid card (CNESST 16-hour training).
Go to the Complete an Application section when you’re ready!